Transesterification Process of Biodiesel with Potassium Glycerolate Catalyst

Desi Erisna, Susila Arita, Fitri Hadiah


The synthesis of potassium glycerolate catalyst from DES (Deep Eutectic Solvent – K2CO3-glycerol) catalyst was carried out by heating process with various temperatures. The resulting catalyst product was analyzed and the characteristics of the best potassium glycerolate catalyst had conductivity 4482 µS/cm, density 1.4858 g/cm3, Viscosity 121.574 cP, Freezing Point -8 ℃ and pH 14. The best temperature in the manufacture of potassium glycerolate catalyst was at 150 ℃. Alkaline pH is the main requirement to be a catalyst in the transesterification reaction. The trial results for the conversion of RBDPO to biodiesel with the optimum weight percent ratio of potassium glycerolate catalyst to RBDPO were 3.5%w, methanol 30%w, reaction temperature 65 oC, reaction time 4 hours resulted in total glycerol content in biodiesel 0.2285%, acid value 0.15%, density 0.8705 gr/cm3, viscosity 5.22 Cst, conversion 96.77% and 97.81% methyl ester content and all of these parameters all meet the biodiesel standards set by SNI-7182: 2015. 

Keywords: Catalyst Characteristics, Potassium Glycerolate, Transesterification, Biodiesel

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