Electrocoagulation Method to Reduce Pollutants in the Wastewater of Jumputan Fabric Industry

Rusdianasari Rusdianasari, Ibnu Hajar, Indri Ariyanti

Abstract


The existence of the textile industry in Indonesia is not only in the category of large and medium scale industries but also in small scale and some even in the home industry. These caused pollution mainly as a result of the dyeing of textiles. Dye not only occurs in industrial areas but also occurs in densely populated settlements. An attempt to treat the waste of the textile industry is needed to solve the environmental pollution. In this research, liquid waste was processed using the electrocoagulation method, and the expected concentration or hazard caused by waste was decreased and to fulfill the required environmental quality standard. Treatment of jumputan wastewater by electrocoagulation method using 4 aluminum electrodes 11x10.5 cm in size with MP-P configuration type (Monopolar-Paralel) for 120 minutes. The parameters measured in this study were chromium heavy metal content, TSS (Total Suspended Solid), TDS (Total Dissolved Solids), as well as changes in pH, color and turbidity values where the applied voltage variations were 10, 13, 15, 17, and 20 volts with variation of electrode distance used 1.5; 2.0; and 2.5 cm. The best condition for each parameter was obtained at a distance of 1.5 cm with a voltage of 20 volts. Effectiveness of electrocoagulation method to decrease turbidity value up to 99.84%; color 99.33%, chromium content of 62.5%; TSS 33.68%; TDS of 66.59% and raised the pH from 5.64 to 8.10, respectively.


Full Text:

Full Text PDF

References


Avsar, Y., Kurt, U., and Talha Gonullu, Comparison of classical chemical and electrochemical processes for treating rose processing wastewater, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 148: 340–345, 2007.

Tian, C., R. Tian, Y. Zhou, Q. Chen, & H. Cheng. Decolorization of indigo dye and indigo dye-containing textile effluent by Ganoderma weberianum. African Journal of Microbiology Research. 7(11):941-947. 2013.

Bhise R.M., Patil A.A., Raskar A.R., Patil P.J. and Deshpande D.P. Removal of Colour of Spent Wash by Activated Charcoal Adsorption and Electrocoagulation. Res.J.Recent Sci. Vol. 1(6), 66-69, 2015.

Rusdianasari, Meidinariasty, A., Purnamasari, I. Level Decreasing Kinetic Model of Heavy Metal Contents in the Coal Stockpile Wastewater with Electrocoagulation. Int. J. Advanced Sci. Eng. and Information Technology 5 (6). pp 387-391. 2015.

Holt, P. K, A Quantitative Comparison Between Chemical Dosing and Electrocoagulation. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects, 211: 233-248, 2012.

Rusdianasari, Jaksen, A Taqwa, Y Wijarnako, Smart Sensor for Monitoring Integrated wastewater, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 347(1), 012061, 2019.

Nouri. Application of Electrocoagulation Process in Removal of Copper from Aqueous Solution by Aluminum Electrodes. International Journal of Environment, vol 2, p.201-208. 2010

Rusdianasari, Y Bow, A Taqwa. Treatment of Coal Stockpile Wastewater by Electrocoagulation using Aluminum Electrodes. Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 896. pp 145-148. 2014.

Mathur, N., P. Bhatnagar, and P. Bakre. Assesing mutagenicity of textile dyes from Pali (Rajasthan) using Ames bioassay. Apply. Ecol. Environment. Res. 4: 111-118. 2005.

Rusdianasari, I Hajar, I Aryanti. Songket Industry Wastewater Processing using Electrocoagulation Method. Jurnal Rancang Bangun dan Teknologi 19(10). pp. 47-53. 2019.

Mollah, M. Y. A., Paul M., Jewel A. G. G., Mehmet K., Jose P., and David L. C, Fundamentals, Present and Future Perspectives of Electrocoagulation”. Journal of Hazardous Materials, B114: 199 – 210. 2004

A Meidinariasty, Rusdianasari, Y Bow, I Rusnadi, AL Fuadi, Treatment of leachate from garbage using Electrocoagulation Type MP-P (MonoPolar-Paralel) Methode, Journal of Physics: Conference Series 1167(1), 012054, 2019.

Rusdianasari, A Taqwa, Jaksen, Y Wijarnako, Efectiveness of Electrocoagulation Method in processing Integrated Wastewater using Aluminum and Stainless Stell Electrodes, Journal of Physics: Conference Series 1167(1), 012040. 2019.

Rusdianasari, Y. Bow, T Dewi, Peat Water Treatment by Electrocoagulation using Aluminium Electrodes, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 258(1), 012013, 2019.

Selvam, K., K. Swaminathan, dan K. S. Chae. Decolourization of azo dyes and a dye industry effluent by a white rot Fungus Thelephora sp. Bioresource Technology 88: 115-119. 2003.

Kobya, M., Can, O.T., Bayramoglu, M. Treatment of textile wastewaters by electrocoagulation using iron and aluminum electrodes. Journal of Hazardous Materials. B10, 163–178. 2003.

Environmental quality standards based on the Governor of South Sumatra No.8 in 2012


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

Editorial Office:

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences Universitas Sriwijaya
Jl. Palembang-Prabumulih Km.32 Indralaya 30662
Phone: +62-711-580269

 

Creative Commons License
IJFAC by Department of Chemistry Sriwijaya University is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License