The Light Transmittance and Electrical Conductivity Properties of Gelam Wood Carbon Nanosheet and Its Derivatives

Nyimas Febrika Syabaniah, Nirwan Syarif, Dedi Rohendi, Mellysa Wandasari, Wara Dyahpita Rengga

Abstract


The research on the preparation and characterization of transparent electrode carbon nanosheet based gelam woods bark doped with SnO2-SbO2. XRD analysis showed peaks at 2θ = 26.87°; 26.38° for carbon crystal and at 2θ = 28.59°; 34.35° for SnO; at 2θ = 51.99°; 62.20° for SbO2. SEM analysis show that the carbons have self-curling sheets that indicated defection in their surface. The carbons have self-curling sheets, which indicated that their surfaces have many defects. It assumed when exfoliation process is undergone, the layers was significantly decreased as sonication process and formed rCNSO. Diffractogram XRD of CNS, CNSO and rCNSO showed diffraction peak at 2θ= 24.3°. Oxygen functional group in CNSO might cause an increasing of interlayers distance between hexagonal networks of carbon layer. It also affect electrical resistant or the conductivity. FTIR spectrum indicate that CNSO has several  absorption peaks at for –OH stretch for free water and alcohol. At 2337 cm-1 was showed a carboxylic acid peaks and C=C stretch at 1627 cm-1. There is a skeletal vibration rCNSO structure occurred at each graphene layers. The ratio of the integrated intensities (IG/ID = 0.89 for CNS, 0.85 for CNS-O, and 0.93 for rCNSO of Raman spectroscopy is significantly high. Electrical conductivity of transparent electrode ranges from 1.26 x 10-7 Scm-1 – 5.03 x 10-7Scm -1. The highest conductivity value on transparent electrode contained rCNSO.
This result inferred that the usage of rCNSO can increase electrical conductivity. Therefore, the higher value of electrical conductivity can be related to the value of La. The average maximum absorption wavelength is observed at 350-530 nm which means that the transition of the electronic transition π→π* occurs in the conjugated carbons system. Electrical conductivity of transparent electrode ranges from 1.26 x 10-7 Scm-1 – 5.03 x 10-7 Scm -1. The highest conductivity value on transparent electrode contained rCNSO. The band gap values in the transparent electrode range from 2 eV - 3 eV which means they have conductor – semiconductor characters.

Keywords: Nanosheet, Carbon, Electrical, Conductivity, Derivate.


Full Text:

Full Text PDF

References


Goessens A, Satyanarayana B, Van der Stocken T, Quispe Zuniga M, Mohd-Lokman H, Sulong I and Dahdouh-Guebas F. “Is Matang Mangrove Forest in Malaysia sustainably rejuvenating after more than a century of conservation and harvesting management?,” PLoS ONE., vol. 9, no. 8, 2014.

Spence, Kelley L., Richard A. Venditti, Youssef Habibi, Orlando J. Rojas, and Joel J. Pawlak. "The effect of chemical composition on microfibrillar cellulose films from wood pulps: mechanical processing and physical properties." Bioresource technology, vol. 101, no. 15 pp. 5961-5968, 2010.

Salajkova, Michaela, Luca Valentini, Qi Zhou, and Lars A. Berglund. "Tough nanopaper structures based on cellulose nanofibers and carbon nanotubes." Composites Science and Technology., vol. 87, pp. 103-110, 2013.

Xu, Chengyong, Paul A. Brown, and Kevin L. Shuford. "Strain-induced semimetal-to-semiconductor transition and indirect-to-direct band gap transition in monolayer 1T-TiS 2." RSC Advances., vol.5, no. 102, pp. 83876-83879, 2015.

Boehm, H. P. "Some aspects of the surface chemistry of carbon blacks and other carbons." Carbon, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 759-769, 1994.

Lim, Way F., and Kuan Y. Cheong. "Effects of post-deposition annealing temperature on band alignment and electrical characteristics of lanthanum cerium oxide on 4H-SiC." MRS Online Proceedings Library Archive, vol. 1433, 2012.

Segets, Doris, J. Matthew Lucas, Robin N. Klupp Taylor, Marcus Scheele, Haimei Zheng, A. Paul Alivisatos, and Wolfgang Peukert. "Determination of the quantum dot band gap dependence on particle size from optical absorbance and transmission electron microscopy measurements." ACS Nano., vol. 6, no. 10, pp. 9021-9032, 2012.

Baraton, M. "Optimizing chemical gas sensors using ir spectroscopy." SPIE Newsroom, 2009.

Huang, Ting, Bo Jin, Ru Peng, Cong Chen, Rong Zheng, Yi He, and Shi Chu. "Synthesis and characterization of [60] fullerene-glycidyl azide polymer and its thermal decomposition." Polymers, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 896-908, 2015.

Kim, Ki Kang, Soo Min Kim, and Young Hee Lee. "Chemically conjugated carbon nanotubes and graphene for carrier modulation." Accounts of chemical research 49, no. 3 (2016): 390-399.

Liu, Changqing, and Guoxin Hu. "Effect of nitric acid treatment on the preparation of graphene sheets by supercritical N, N-dimethylformamide exfoliation." Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, vol. 53, no. 37, pp. 14310-14314, 2014.

Jeong, H. K., M. H. Jin, K. P. So, S. C. Lim, and Y. H. Lee. "Tailoring the characteristics of graphite oxides by different oxidation times." Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 065418, 2009.

Qin, Wei, Jiechang Hou, and Dawn A. Bonnell. "Effect of interface atomic structure on the electronic properties of nano-sized metal–oxide interfaces." Nano letters., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 211-217, 2014.

Van Diepen, A. M., and Th JA Popma. "Temperature dependence of the hyperfine field in amorphous Fe2O3." Solid State Communications., vol. 27, no. 2 , pp. 121-125, 1978.

Su, Dawei, Mike Ford, and Guoxiu Wang. "Mesoporous NiO crystals with dominantly exposed {110} reactive facets for ultrafast lithium storage." Scientific reports., vol. 2, pp. 924, 2012.

Anh Huy, Huynh, Bálint Aradi, Thomas Frauenheim, and Peter Deák. "Comparison of Nb-and Ta-doping of anatase TiO2 for transparent conductor applications." .,2012.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24845/ijfac.v4.i3.126

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

Editorial Office:

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences Universitas Sriwijaya
Jl. Palembang-Prabumulih Km.32 Indralaya 30662
Phone: +62-711-580269

 

Creative Commons License
IJFAC by Department of Chemistry Sriwijaya University is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License