Preparation and Characterization Nanoparticle Calcium Oxide from Snakehead Fish Bone using Ball Milling Method

Muryati Muryati, Poedji Loekitowati Hariani, Muhammad Said

Abstract


Snakehead Fish Bone (SFB) is a waste from food processing in Palembang. Fish bones have calcium content so they have the potential as a source of Calcium Oxide (CaO). Calcination of fish bones was carried out at a temperature of 900oC with variations of time 1, 2, 3, and 4 hours. The Nanoparticle Calcium Oxide (NCO) was prepared using the ball milling method. This study aims to make NCO as a raw material for hydroxyapatite synthesis. The NCO was characterized using Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Characterization using FTIR shows that NCO has functional groups O-H, CO32- and PO43- functional groups. XRD analysis shows that NCO has an average particle size of 38.9445 nm. Analysis using SEM shows particles in the form of granules of almost uniform size. The NCO produced eligible of the nanomaterial and has the potential as a raw material for synthesis of hydroxyapatite.


Full Text:

Full Text PDF

References


D. Aisyah, I. Mamat, M. Sontang, Z. Rosufila, and N.M. Ahmad, “Program Pemanfaatan Sisa Tulang Ikan Untuk Produk Hidroksiapatit: Kajian Di Pabrik Pengolahan Kerupuk Lekor Kuala Trengganu: Malaysia,” Jurnal Sosioteknologi., vol. 26, pp. 129-141, 2012.

S. Rodiah, Mariyamah, R. Ahsanunnisa, D. Erviana, F. Rahman, and A. W. Budaya, A.W, “Pemanfaatan Limbah Tulang Ikan Tenggiri Sebagai Sumber Gelatin Halal Melalui Hidrolisis Larutan Asam Dengan Variasi Rasio Asam,” Jurnal Ilmu Kimia dan Terapan., vol. 2, no. 10, pp. 34-42, 2018.

M. R. A. Putra, R. Nopianti, and Herpandi, “Fortifikasi Tepung Tulang Ikan Gabus (Channa striata) pada Kerupuk sebagai Sumber Kalsium,” FishtecH-Jurnal Teknologi Hasil Perikanan., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 128-139, November 2015.

K. L. Jeyasanta, V. Aiyamperumal, and J. Patterson, “Utilization of Trash Fishes as Edible Fish Powder and Its Quality Characteristics and Consumer Acceptance,” World Journal of Dairy Food science., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 1-10, 2013.

J. Venkatesan, and S. K. Kim, “Effect of Temperature on Isolation and Characterization of Hydroxyapatite from Tuna (Thunnus obesus) Bone,” Materials., vol. 3, pp. 4761-4771, 2010.

R. Sunil, and M. Jagannatham, “Producing Hydroxyapatite from Fish Bones by Heat Treatment,” Materials Letters., vol. 185, pp. 411–14, 12 September 2016.

Pal, S. Paul, A. R. Choudhury, V. K. Balla, M. Das, and A. Sinha, “Synthesis of Hydroxyapatite from Lates calcarifer Fish Bone for Biomedical Applications,” Materials Letters., vol. 203, pp. 89-92, 2017.

T. Goto, and K. Sasaki, “Effects of Trace Elements in Fish Bones on Crystal Characteristics of Hydroxyapatite Obtained by Calcination,” Ceramics International., vol. 40, pp. 10777–10785, 2014.

M. Boutinguiza, J. Pou, R. Comesana, F. Lusquinos, A. de Carlo, and B. Leon, “Biological Hydroxyapatite Obtained from Fish Bones,” Materials Science and Engineering C., vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 478–86, 2012.

Cahyanto, E. Kosasih, D. Aripin, and Z. Hasratiningsih, “Fabrication of Hydroxyapatite from Fish Bone using Reflux Method,” IOP Conf. Series: Material Science and Engineering., vol. 172, pp. 1-6, 2017.

J. Toppe, S. Albrektsen, B. Hope, and A. Aksnes, “Chemical Composition, Mineral Content and AminoAcid and Lipid Profiles in Bones from Various Fish Species,” Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B., vol. 146, no. 3, pp. 395-401, 2007.

Rosmawati, E. Abustam, A. B. Tawali, and M. I. Said M.I, “Chemical Composition, Amino Acid, dan Collagen Content of Snakehead (Channa stiata) Fish Skin and Bone,” Scientific Research Journal., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1-4, 1 January 2018.

Y. Cucikodana, A. Supriadi, and B. Purwanto, “Pengaruh Perbedaan Suhu Perebusan Dan Konsentrasi NaOH Terhadap Kualitas Bubuk Tulang Ikan Gabus (Channa Striata),” Fishtech., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 91–101, 2012.

R. Mohadi, A. Lesbani, and Y. Susie, “Preparasi dan Karakterisasi kalsium Oksida (CaO) dari Tulang Ayam,” Chem. Prog., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 77-80, November 2013.

M. Saleha, N. Halik, Annisa, Sudirman, and Subaer, “Sintesis Dan Karakterisasi Hidroksiapatit dari Nanopartikel Kalsium Oksida (CaO) Cangkang Telur Untuk Aplikasi Dental Implan,” Prosiding Pertemuan Ilmiah XXIX HFI Jateng & DIY., pp. 124-127, 25 April 2015.

Wahdah, S. Wardhani, and Darjito, “Sintesis Hidroksiapatit dari Tulang Sapi dengan Metode Basah-Pengendapan,” Kimia Student Journal., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 92-97, 2014.

Lesbani, P. Tamba, R. Mohadi, and Fahmariyanti, “Preparation of Calcium Oxide From Achatina fulica as Catalyst For Production Of Biodiesel From Waste Cooking Oil,” Indo. J. Chem., vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 176-180, 2013.

K. Miyah, “Sintesis dan Karakterisasi Hidroksiapatit dari Cangkang Telur Ayam dan Pengaruh Penambahan Alumina Terhadap Sifat Mekanik Hidroksiapatit,” Skrispsi Jurusan Kimia, FMIPA. Universitas Sriwijaya, 2018.

M. Abdullah, and Khairurrijal, “Review: Karakterisasi Nanomaterial,” Jurnal. Nanosais & Nanoteknologi., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 2009.

S. B. Widjanarko, and T. S. Suwasito, “The Effect of Grinding Duration Using Ball Mill on the Yield and Hydration Capability of Konjac Flour (Amorphophallus muelleri Blume),” Jurnal Pangan dan Agroindustri., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 80-85, 2014.

L. Jinlong, Z. Wang, and H. Miura, “The Effects of Ball Milling on Microstructures of Graphene/Ni Composites and Their Catalytic Activity for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction. Materials Letters., vol. 206, pp. 124-127, 2017.

L. Dai, C. Li, J. Zhang, and F. Cheng, “Preparation and Characterization of Starch Nanocrystals Combining Ball Milling with Acid Hydrolysis,” Carbohydrate Polymers., vol. 180, pp. 122-127, 2018.

T. Yin, J. W. Park, and S. Xiong, S, “Physicochemical Properties of Nano Fish Bone Prepared by Wet Media Milling,” LWT - Food Science and Technology., vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 367–73, 2015.

M. G. Ruiz, J. M. Helmandes, I. Banos, J. N. Montes, and M. E. R. Gracia, “Characterization of Calcium Carbonate, Calcium Oxide, and Calcium Hydroxide as Starting Point to The Improvement of Lime for Their Use in Construction,” J. of Mat. In civil Eng., vol. 100, pp. 694-698, 2009.

E. Kusrini, and M. Sontang, “Characterization of X-Ray Diffraction and Electron Spin Resonance: Effect of Sintering Time and Temperature an Bovine Hydroxyapatite,” Radiation Physics and Chemistry., vol. 81, pp. 118-125, 2012.

M. Mozharta, “Pengaruh Penambahan Hidroksiapatit dari Cangkang Telur Terhadap Kekuatan Tekan Glass Ionomer Cement,” Jurnal B-dent., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 75-81, 2015.

H. Nursyam, “Collagen Extraction from Waste Skin of Tuna Fish (Thunnus sp) with Various NaCl Concentration,” Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 107-113, 2010.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

Editorial Office:

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences Universitas Sriwijaya
Jl. Palembang-Prabumulih Km.32 Indralaya 30662
Phone: +62-711-580269

 

Creative Commons License
IJFAC by Department of Chemistry Sriwijaya University is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License